So they are endemic. This is because if hunters kill all the endemic animals, there are none of them left in other parts of the world. Republic of South Africa. Moreover, because of its isolation from the rest of the world during Paleogene and Neogene times (about 66 to 2.6 million years ago), the South American landmass is characterized by considerable biological originality. Most endemic African animals are found in Madagascar. Why does Africa have the biggest animals? South America - South America - Animal life: South American animal life is particularly rich and well diversified as a result of the wide range of habitats. Hummingbirds are also endemic to Americas, although to South, Central and North America. Corruption has made Nigeria the biggest smuggler of ivory and pangolin scales from central and West Africa to Asia, according to a report by the Environmental Investigation Agency. There are several animal species that are among the world’s tallest, fastest or even tiniest animals such as the majestic giraffe, the speedy cheetah or the tiny pygmy shrew.. Several animal species are endangered such as the African wild dogs, the oribi or the rhino which is hunted for its horn. Just like endemic plants, it is an animal that is found nowhere else in the world. 1..... IBADAN MALIMBE (Malimbus Ibadanensis) ... WEST AFRICA WORM LIZARD (Baika Africana) The West African worm lizard (Baikia africana) is a species of worm lizards found in Nigeria. Madagascar endemic animal species. Families of plants unique to South Africa include Grubbiaceae, Bruniaceae, Lanariaceae, Roridulaceae, and Geissolomataceae. Some of these species of wildlife have been immortalized by cartoon films, but the real animals are far more beautiful and wonderful than what is seen in any of these movies. Endemic mammals include the Cape Elephant Shrew , Cape Mole-rat, Cape Grysbok, Bontebok, Cape Kudu, Springbok and the Cape Horseshoe Bat. South and Central America Rainforest animals endemic to South and Central America are jaguars, ocelots and cougars; many species of monkeys and lizards; poison dart frogs and birds such as macaws and toucans. This cute little animal with large, pointed ears is a Cape Grysbok — a small antelope endemic to the Western Cape. For example, the Cape sugarbird is exclusively found in southwestern South Africa. Marine mammals are a major draw-card to South Africa, thanks to its extensive shoreline. They are very shy animals and stay hidden in the shade for most of the day. Endemism is the state of a species being native to a single defined geographic location, such as an island, state, nation, country or other defined zone; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere. Males have short, sharp horns on their foreheads. Wildlife in South Africa is abundant, with almost 300 mammal species.. The island of Madagascar is home to almost 25,000 species of wild animals with a good number being endangered species. Endemic animals are animals that can be found in a particular place. An endemic family of the non-vascular plant is the aquatic moss Wardiaceae. Endemic to rocky outcroppings such as hillocks, cliffs and piles of large rocks or boulders, these African rodents are found in northwest South Africa, Namibia and parts of Angola. It is the only species in the genus Baikia. There are lots of animals that are only found in Africa. Here are some endemic Animals to Nigeria. South Africa has a truly spectacular flora: only Australia has more endemic families or genera and South Africa has over 13,000 vascular plant species found nowhere else (SAJS WM pdf file). It is very important to conserve these animals and not hunt them. 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