After the defeat of Bar Kokhba and the ensuing collapse of active Jewish resistance to Roman rule (135–136), politically moderate and quietist rabbinic elements remained the only cohesive group in Jewish society. first commandment given to mankind, before the sin with the Tree of Knowledge, was "be fruitful and multiply". The rabbis are saying that this verse is about Israel. True repentance by definition produces good works as its fruit, but we don't think for a second that good works alone are sufficient. Rabbinic Judaism was based around the synagogue and the rabbis or teachers. Thus, in terms of honesty, in terms of truthfulness, in terms of virtue and morality, these individuals had a track record that should be envied. 12 Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong. The answer is they did not. The question is, what rules constitute minutia and what do not. When Did The Resurrection of Yeshua (Jesus) Occur? Throughout the New Testament, one can find text relating to the virtues of procreation during marriage. This makes Messianic Judaism about 40 years older than that of Rabbinic Judaism. How Does the Messianic Community Celebrate Christmas? Quite the opposite. Because it would be too lengthy an exercise to go through the entire New Testament, we will focus solely on the Gospels; for the analysis that applies to them largely applies to the New Testament as a whole. Reference Isaiah 53:10 - You are perfectly right in saying that His "seed" is spiritual. The Oral Law (Mishna/Talmud) 1. All rights reserved. )....It seems to me that these children are spiritual, not carnal children, because is impossible for someone to have children after he has died. The fourth factor to consider is the consistency of the gospels. It is also important to note that Yeshua's words were originally in poetic form. Messianic Judaism formation began with around 30 AD with all of the first believers. Why don’t Messianic Jews simply call themselves Christians? We have this in common with Rabbinic Judaism, with the Shema, “Hear O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is One!” (Deut. Nothing is there because Moses or whichever prophet simply had extra ink in his quill. Rabbinic Judaism is a Judaism centered around the teachings and writings of Rabbis. Once the Temple was destroyed in 70CE sacrifices or offerings could not be made in the Temple. And they all believed it was good - they had to because if the Torah was so good by itself, why would they bother to clarify and codify all this? Original Judaism, the first and true one, is the one described in the writings of the OT and the NT. If one were to conceive 50 specific prophecies about a person in the future, whom one would never meet, just what's the likelihood that this person will fulfill all 50 of the predictions? We too believe in "salvation by grace", though we don't generally use those exact words. This way they can claim that they are following another religion. The Jews will indeed rule the world. Yet by the end of its formative period (c. 600 CE) Rabbinic Judaism consisted of a synthesis of the messianic and priestly traditions. Messianic Judaism is a Jewish faith founded upon the Scriptures and the Person of Messiah. This reasoning clearly applies to the Gospels as a historical account written by four different men. Because a lot of the similarities and differences among the Gospels can be explained by assuming the disciples committed to memory a lot of what Yeshua said and did, but they felt free to recount this information in various forms, always preserving the significance of Yeshua's original teachings and deeds. Your king is coming to you. How does one "arrange" to have the executioners carry out the regular practice of breaking the legs of the two victims on either side, but not their own? An inscription was later found from the time of Tiberius, from A.D. 13 – 37, which names Lysanias as tetrarch in Abila near Damascus – just as Luke had written. How does one "arrange" to be born in a specified city, in which their parents don't actually live? Remember, this fragile movement of Jews that believed Yeshua to be our Jewish Messiah could NEVER have taken place in Jerusalem – in the very area where Yeshua ministered and was crucified, buried, and resurrected – if people who knew Him were aware that the disciples were exaggerating or distorting the things He did. This commandment was repeated to Noah and his family when they emerged from the ark. The traditional Jewish response is that ritualistic good works help identify Jews as a people. Our faith is the Judaism of the Bible … And was God pleased to do this? Non-rabbinic Judaism was never absent from the historical landscape. 200) The role of the rabbis. This is the crucial difference between Messianic Judaism and modern rabbinic Judaism. In fact, it is so connected to Messiah that we may boldly say – without the Messiah, there is no Messianic Judaism. See also: Sects of first century Judaism Originally the Law of Moses was given to one race of people who would all live on one small tract of land called Canaan, but as the people dispersed farther and farther from Judea, it became impossible to make constant trips to the temple. He will rule from sea to sea, and from the [Eurphrates] River to the ends of the earth. Messianic Judaism is a monotheistic religion. For years scholars pointed to this as evidence that Luke didn't know what he was talking about, since everybody knew that Lysanias was not a tetrarch but rather the ruler of Chalcis half a century earlier. As YHWH-Come-in-the-Flesh, this rule obviously does not apply to Yeshua. Luke is clearly saying he intended to write accurately about things he investigated and found to be well supported by eyewitnesses. Like the rabbis, they feel that Judaism and the Jewish people must endure in order to fulfill God’s commandments and promises through Moses and the prophets. This is the crucial difference between Messianic Judaism and modern rabbinic Judaism. Along these lines, it is significant that 10 to 40 percent is consistently the amount of variation among the gospels on any given passage. For instance, how do we know that Yeshua was born of a virgin, was despised and rejected, rode into Jerusalem on a donkey, etc.? This is indeed what the prophet Micah did 700 years before the Messiah. So-called “Messianic Judaism” is a form of Christianity, deceptively packaged to try and get Jews to convert to Christianity. Messianic Judaism differs from Rabbinic Judaism in that we rely completely on the Scriptures. That is, this factor considers whether there was any evidence of dishonesty or immorality that might taint their ability or willingness to transmit history accurately. They are two separate religions to start with. Special Q&A with Rabbi Shapira. Yeshua had no physical descendants because He was a perfect Being and a virgin. You'd be attempting to tempt me. Yes millions died - but we have to remember: God allowed it happen; nothing happens without His consent. You can explain why Yeshua, who was without sin, allowed himself to be baptized, but why not make things easier by leaving it out altogether? Modern Rabbinical Judaism vs. Mosaic Judaism. Some are still looking for the Messiah to come in the form of a Man, while others are looking for a Messianic Age. The Pharisaical view became the basis for modern Rabbinic Judaism after the fall of Jerusalem in A.D. 70. The sin in question was anti-Semitism, and we suffered because of it. He used that "whack job" Hitler to try to finish off the Jews for good - but God turned it around and used it for HIS glory! Our traditional Jewish friend considers this to be a good deed for which God will reward him. It was codified into the Talmud because Roman persecution created the danger that it would be forgotten, G-d forbid. Yeshua's mikva (baptism) is another example. That's how they show their love for them. 53:10-12). "Thou shall not kill", we would submit, is not minutia. Some branches of Judaism do not believe in a personal Messiah while others do. The second factor to consider is the ability of the writers to accurately and reliably record history. For example, how does someone "arrange" to be born in a specific family? But they have also found something new and exciting. We have access to God because of the great atoning work of the Messiah Yeshua, who has fulfilled us  as Hasidic forms of Judaism are a subset of orthodox Judaism - that is, all Hasidic Jews are orthodox, but most orthodox are not Hasidic. Jacobs is part of a group called Jews for Jesus – a messianic Jewish organization with a … After the destruction of the 2nd Temple Israel was left with two main options from which only onecould be chosen: Jewish comment: The Refiner's Fire has espoused the following: After the destruction of the temple in 70 AD, there were no priests, prophets and kings, and that's when the gathering at Yavneh decided to replace the priests, prophets, and kings with their rabbinic leaders (rabbis). Many people glamorize Jewish belief and without knowing the full story, attempt to emulate what they believe is orthodox Judaism. Rabbinic Judaism differs from Messianic Judaism in the belief that the law revealed to Moses at Sinai had two components: a written law, which can be found in the Torah, and an oral law which was been codified in the Mishna and Gemarah and interpreted in later rabbinic decisions and writings (Rabbinic Judaism). Jewish believers (Mt. Someone who fits YOUR interpretation of Messiah? Here's the point: If the disciples didn't feel free to leave out material when it would have been convenient to do so, is it really plausible to believe that they outright added and fabricated material with no historical basis? Messianic Judaism, also known as Hebrew Christianity, is a movement within Judaism where Jews believe in Jesus of the New Testament and consider Him the Messiah who was prophesied in the Old Testament. Once again the critics were wrong and Luke was shown to be right. to us and answer us, for NOT IN US ARE GOOD DEEDS; do with us charity and KINDNESS, and save us.". Moreover, they provide for a shared tradition to be passed down to our children. Who can have children after his death? Yet that's one thing we NEVER see His opponents saying. While this doesn't seem fair, YHWH is God, and we are His creation with whom He can do whatever He chooses. So-called “Messianic Judaism” is a form of Christianity, deceptively packaged to try and get Jews to convert to Christianity. There are also Jews called Jewiches (Wiccan Jews) and Jewbus (Buddhist Jews). We could say that if Israel had not been guilty of sinning (as revealed throughout the Old Testament), then the Holocaust might never have happened, as the Jews would still have been under Hashem's protection. What I understand from within Orthodox Christianity is exactly what is stated in this post, that Rabbinical Judaism emerged at the same time as Messianic Judaism (evolving into Hellenistic Christianity). “Six days you labor, and shall do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath of YHWH your Elohim.You do not do any work – you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates. Support AskDrBrown on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/AskDrBrown Christianity of course makes use of the Bible, unfortunately not dealing with all portions respectfully or properly. This considers whether it was in the character of these writers to be truthful. This is an excellent candidate for the minutia category....As are those who refuse to get out of bed on Shabbat for fear of being guilty of "work.". Your Messianic assertion is: Old Covenant prophecies were fulfilled in the New Covenant and prove that Yeshua alone COULD and DID fulfill the Messianic prophecies. But, that's exactly what we don't see. Yet he is humble - he's riding on a donkey, yes, on a lowly donkey's colt. Rabbinic traditions were initially oral but were written down in the Mishnah, the Talmud, and various other collections. It is through these contradictions, however, that the Gospels gain – not lose – credibility. Judaism teaches the opposite. Did the Jewish people (including the men, women and children who died in the Holocaust) die for the sin of gentile nations? Your Messianic assertion is: The Orthodox Jews say that YESHUA is not the Messiah because he had no descendants (he shall see his seed, Is. Jacobs self-identifies as a rabbi, but the movement to which he belongs — Messianic Judaism, which sees Jesus Christ as the promised Old Testament Messiah — is … The Oral Law tells us how to interpret these extra words and letters. There is no question that many Messianic and traditional Jews recognize that "works" alone can never compare to truly giving your heart to God. Quote from Stoner: For example, what's the likelihood of a person predicting today the exact city in which the birth of a future leader would take place, well into the 21st century? I am concerned for you and will look on you with favor; you will be plowed and sown, and I will multiply the number of people upon you, even the whole house of Israel. More dialogues with "counter-missionary" Jews. Please see our Isaiah 53 article. Your Messianic assertion is: 12 Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong. Jewish people are descendants of the Twelve Tribes of Israel, and acknowledge Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob as the patriarchs of Israel and the Jewish people. was in fact in existance in Oral form from the time of the giving of the Torah at Sinai. The Judaism of rabbinic tradition which comes from the Talmud is not Jewish at all. This doesn't mean words that rhyme; this means words that have meter, balanced lines, parallelism, and so forth. And He WILL rule from sea to sea to the ends of the earth when he returns to defeat the antichrist at the battle of Armageddon: See Endtime Questions. Yes, entirely true. 21 But I am concerned about my holy name, which the house of Isra'el is profaning among the nations where they have gone. Many orthodox Jews can tell you everything about ritualistic good works expressed through kosher tradition, but they cannot tell you how their love for God and non-ritualistic prayer helps shape the course of their lives. Messianic Judaism in its current form is a relatively recent development. Messianic Judaism is a modern syncretic religious movement that combines Christianity—most importantly, the belief that Jesus is the Messiah—with elements of Judaism and Jewish tradition, its current form emerging in the 1960s and 1970s. The MJTI Rabbinic Studies Program (RSP) prepares Jewish men and women to serve as rabbis in the maturing Messianic Jewish movement. How do we know this is true in the case of Yeshua? 20 When they came to the nations they were going to, they profaned my holy name; so that people said of then, 'These are ADONAI'S people, who have been exiled from his land.' The development of the major strains that were later reconciled took place over the first two centuries of the common era. The key to better understanding the differences between Messianic Judaism and Christianity is to first understand the foundations of both religions as they spring from Judaism. Rabbinic Judaism (2nd–18th century) The age of the tannaim (135–c. Orthodox Jews generally are mostly near-fully traditionally observant of rabbinic Jewish law and practices. Its earliest formation began during the Babylonian Captivity (around 550 BC) and solidified approximately 2,000 years ago when the Second Temple was destroyed in 70 AD. If Luke couldn't get that basic fact right, how can anything he wrote be trusted? The towns will be inhabited and the ruins rebuilt. 1. A life rooted in ancient belief and practice. The sixth factor to consider is whether the authors of the Gospels covered up any details that didn't help make the case that Yeshua was God in a man. For example, Mark 6:5 says that Yeshua could do few miracles in Nazareth because the people there had little faith, which seems to limit Yeshua's power. This vocal minority has influence far beyond what their numbers might indicate. Rabbinic Judaism was based around the synagogue and the rabbis or teachers. Your Messianic assertion is: Matthew 4 gives us an idea about how hard Satan tried his best to appeal to Yeshua's human nature, but failed miserably! What is the difference between Biblical Kosher and Rabbinic Kosher? He wasn't supposed to, nor did He NEED to have physical descendants because His purpose on earth was to teach us about YHWH and how to live with each other according to Torah, and then to become the final SIN sacrifice - not to marry and have physical offspring, which would have turned him into just another human being like everybody else. The warrior's bow will be banished, and he will proclaim peace to the nations. Exactly 483 years after the rebuilding of Jerusalem and its walls, Yeshua of Nazareth offered himself to the nation of Israel. How does one "arrange" their own death - and specifically by crucifixion, with two others, and then "arrange" to have their executioners gamble for His clothing (John 16:19; Psalms 22:18)? They see you keeping Torah to the best Jacobs is part of a group called Jews for Jesus – a messianic Jewish organization with a … Nor is a rule like "Thou shall not steal." After the destruction of the Temple the Rabbis reorganized Judaism, adding many new laws, rules and traditions. Let's say I had no money, and then, one day, you approached me on the street and said, "If you kill the next person who walks by, I'll give you a million dollars." Once the Temple was destroyed in 70CE sacrifices or offerings could not be made in the Temple. Rabbinic Judaism, the normative form of Judaism that developed after the fall of the Temple of Jerusalem (ad 70). In 1948, there were about 600,000 Jews living in Israel. Some Non Messianic Jews insist in defining Messianic Judaism as a form of Christianity. The apostle James (James 1:13) says, "G-d cannot be tempted", whereas Matthew 4:1, Mark 1:13, and Luke 4:1-2 all say that Yeshua was tempted by Satan. Instead they implicitly acknowledge that what the Gospels wrote – that Yeshua performed miracles – is true. Original Judaism, the first and true one, is the one described in the writings of the OT and the NT. Consider the way the gospels are written – in a sober and responsible fashion, with accurate incidental details, with obvious care and exactitude. Often such corroboration is invaluable in assessing whether a writer has a commitment to accuracy. Put simply, one cannot underestimate that these individuals loved Yeshua. Throughout history the Jews have always suffered and/or died for various reasons - the biggest being that Satan absolutely HATES God's Chosen and has knocked himself out to kill them off. By sharp contrast, as an example, a traditional Jewish friend who distinguishes between their kosher and non-kosher ice cream scoops may be a tad lost in the minutia. This is entirely distinct from a contention that Yeshua experienced temptation. From the perspective of a classical historian, German scholar Hans Stier has concurred that "agreement over basic data and divergence of details suggest credibility, because fabricated accounts tend to be fully consistent and harmonized." Its formation began over 1,900 years ago when the Second Temple was destroyed in 70 AD. Rabbinic traditions were initially oral but were written down in the Mishnah, the Talmud, and various other collections. anti-Semitism, the remnant who survived saw seed. Was Yeshua divine, or wasn't he? Or perhaps you're hoping that Rabbi Schneerson will miraculously raise from the dead after all these years? … We believe there can be no greater tradition to pass down to our children than a belief in our Jewish Messiah. There are dozens of rules like these that traditional Jews adhere to and believe bring them closer to God. The so-called "Messianic Jewish movement" disregards that Jewish prayer, liturgy, and service have undergone almost two millennia of development (within the parameters of rabbinic Judaism) since the splitting off of the Jewish followers of Jesus from the main body of the Jewish people. Perhaps they should read the whole verse: When thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, (after he has been killed) he shall see his seed (He will have carnal children? From this perspective there can only be blessing. According to Daniel, there would be 483 years between the decree to rebuild the wall and the city of Jerusalem in troublesome times before Messiah would be cut off for the sins of the people. Loren Jacobs's prayer for victims of the Tree of Life congregation offended many Jews. They make it difficul… That statement is true and false, and there's a bigger picture here. If this supposedly applies to Israel, this passage is saying the same thing that Hitler said to justify his criminal intentions: that the Jews (Israel, instead of MESSIAH) will rule the world. "'But you, O mountains of Israel, will produce branches and fruit for my people Israel, for they will soon come home. Jewish / Judaism : Jewish Messianic Concepts, part 1 of 5 Jewish / Judaism : Jewish View of Jesus Jewish / Judaism : List of Old Testament Texts Applied to the Messiah in Rabbinic Writings None of these goals have anything to do with procreation and, as a result, Yeshua had no need for sex. The Messiah would be born in Bethlehem (Micah 5:1-2). When did the early Messianic Jews disappear and why? of your ability, and they conclude that you think that's what your salvation depends on, but of course that's not the case. The danger, from the messianic perspective, is that when one gets lost in the minutia of following rules, the rules become more important than the relationship with God. However, at the end of the formative period, rabbinic Judaism synthesized the interpretive, messianic, and priestly traditions. Answer: Messianic Judaism is the term given to the belief system of Jewish people who believe and have accepted Yeshua (the Hebrew name for Jesus) of Nazareth as the promised Messiah of the Hebrew Scriptures. The word "zera" in Hebrew always means physical offspring; the word that can mean metaphoric or spiritual children is "ben". One such plea comes to mind: "Our Father, our King, be GRACIOUS Sadducees—they trace their roots back to Zadok/Tzadok the priest (1 Kings 1:8) in David and Solomon’s day. Rabbinic Judaism differs from Messianic Judaism in the belief that the law revealed to Moses at Sinai had two components: a written law, which can be found in the Torah, and an oral law which was been codified in the Mishna and Gemarah and interpreted in later rabbinic decisions and writings (Rabbinic Judaism). Zechariah 9:9-10 - 9 Rejoice with all your heart, daughter of Tziyon! The same logic applies to Yeshua. After all, aren't they contradictory with each other? Yet, this is what David did in 1000 B.C. They were not neutral observers; they were his devoted followers. Support AskDrBrown on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/AskDrBrown Theoretically we could all be wrong. Others go to a church and look very much like gentile believers. Yes, those Jews died at the hands of some sinful Gentiles; however, according to God, ALL have sinned and come short of earning God's praise (Romans 3:23). No Messianic Jew would dispute that keeping our traditions and passing on a shared heritage is a blessing. Finally, how does one "arrange" to be God? He rode into the city on a donkey to the rejoicing of the people, just as the prophet Zechariah had predicted! Rabbinic Judaism is centered around the teachings and writings of rabbis who rejected Messiah Yeshua. However, I would never experience the temptation because I would never kill another human being – even if I needed money. Others would like to draw a sharper line between it and rabbinic Judaism. This is difficult for us to imagine today, but the time of the Second Temple was an oral culture, in which there was great emphasis placed on memorization. Indeed, after many of us were killed in the Holocaust and other acts of It is quite apparent that the goal of the Gospel writers was to attempt to record what had actually occurred. 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