and Asparagus densiflorus Kunth) Jessop) were evaluated for their historical, etymological, morphological, phytochemical and pharmacological aspects. Ajna Fern According to Davids et al. Birds such as white-eyes, bulbuls, barbets and robins are attracted to the berr. The findings of this review study are summarized, and the medicinal properties of the chosen Asparagus species are documented in this review study. ]. confirmed that the plant extract did not cause any harm in vivo and can thus be considered as non-toxic. Methanolic extract of roots displayed important antitussive activity on sulfur dioxide-induced coughs in mice [93]. It has more than 100 medicinal uses in different conditions. were the first choice according to the research studies at the laboratory of authors for their pharmacological activities and toxicology. Both the roots and the shoots can be used medicinally, they have a restorative and cleansing effect on the bowels, kidneys and liver. [43], using hydro-alcoholic extracts of Asparagus africanus Lam. [39], on the in vivo anti-malarial activity of extracts of hydroalcoholic from Asparagus africanus Lam. - Used as diuretic, antiepileptic, applied topically in skin diseases, treat urination, gynaecology and andrology problems, orally for dysentery and diarrhea treatment and treat pulmonary infections. It may be that the presence of other active compounds somehow affected the ability of tannins by neutralizing their activity in the aqueous root’s extracts. Asparagus officinalis L. crude saponins from the shoots (edible part) of asparagus, were found to have antitumor activity as they promoted the growth of HepG2 cells, and of human leukemia HL-60 cells in a way which caused it to become dose-dependent. leaves showed very active antimycobacterial activity on Mycobacterium aurum A+, with moderate antibacterial activity against Klebsiella pneumonia [41], due to the saponins present in this plant. Sun et al. The most frequently used medicinal plants were Hypoxis hemerocallidea (85%), Asparagus densiflorus (68%) and Lessertia frutescens (68%). This review article was aimed to provide an organized summary of current studies on the traditional uses, phytochemistry, and pharmacological and toxicological studies of Asparagus laricinus Burch., Asparagus africanus Lam., Asparagus officinalis L., Asparagus racemosus Willd., and Asparagus densiflorus (Kunth) Jessop to attain and establish new insights for further researches. Garden Uses. List of various diseases cured by Asparagus Racemosus. aqueous extracts of roots and leaves showed positive antioxidant activity with DPPH assay [15]. According to research findings, the aqueous extract of Asparagus officinalis L. showed some antidiabetic effect after diabetic rats were treated with the extract, and their elevated blood glucose was suppressed [56]. Oberm. To date our community has made over 100 million downloads. Rats which were fed on Asparagus racemosus Willd. [30]. In India, it is recognized as a female tonic. The aerial stems or spears arising from rhizomes are consumed as a vegetable. Synonyms: Asparagopsis densiflora Kunth, Protasparagus densiflorus. Side Effects & Safety Asparagus is LIKELY SAFE when eaten in food amounts. It helps to combat diarrhea. The leaves (43.5%) and roots (21.7%) were the most frequently used plant parts, usually prepared as infusions and decoctions for oral administration. β-Sitosterol have numerous therapeutic and chemo-preventive uses in the medical field [26, 27]. The amino acid and mineral contents were found to be much higher in the leaves than the shoots [54]. has shown synthesis of sarsasapogenin [79]. In recent times, there has been a growing interest in finding antioxidants which occur naturally to replace synthetic antioxidants, many of which are being restricted due to their carcinogenicity [20, 21]. Login to your personal dashboard for more detailed statistics on your publications. HeadquartersIntechOpen Limited5 Princes Gate Court,London, SW7 2QJ,UNITED KINGDOM. This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The available literature was especially studied for historical, etymological, morphological, phytochemical and pharmacological aspects of Asparagus laricinus Burch., Asparagus africanus Lam., Asparagus officinalis L., Asparagus racemosus and Asparagus densiflorus (Kunth) Jessop. Roots are succulent and tuberous and taper at both ends. Names of Asparagus in various languages of the world are also given. The 8-methoxy-5,6,4′-trihydroxyisoflavone, a new isoflavone, was separated from the roots of Asparagus racemosus Willd. Another possibility is that active compounds from the roots were present and these were missed during the phytochemical screening of this plant. It was also shown that flavonoids which are known to have an ability to inhibit microbial growth also scavenge antioxidants. Two antiprotozoal compounds; a sapogenin (muzanzagenin) and lignan ((+) nyasol), which were reported to be responsible for the antimalarial activity, have been isolated from, This plant has flavonoids, tannins, phenolics, saponins, cardiac glycosides, terpenoids, quinones, amino acids, carbohydrates and alkaloids. © 2019 The Author(s). Use in pots, containers and hanging baskets. Asparagus densiflorus, the asparagus fern, plume asparagus or foxtail fern, is a variable evergreen perennial plant, closely related to the vegetable asparagus.. In addition, the aqueous extracts have quinones, An infusion of the plant leaves is used to treat thrush and ulcers in the mouth, for abdominal pains, as a tonic to boost immunity, as a cleansing agent to rid the body of “poison” and “dirty blood”, Department of Health Sciences, Central University of Technology, South Africa, Unit for Drug Discovery Research, Central University of Technology, South Africa. Asparagus laricinus Burch. by Saxena and Chaurasia [70]. It can be concluded that all selected Asparagus species have tremendous potential to improve human health and the pharmacological activities of these plants can be attributed to bioactive phytochemicals they possess. Asparagus has been cultivated for over 2,000 years as a vegetable and medicinal herb[238]. Tannins are generally found in most plant parts: bark, wood, leaves, fruits and roots, and can have a toxic effect on filamentous fungi, yeasts and bacteria [19]. Root aqueous extract showed an indirect mutagenic effect toward TA102 after metabolic activation, but not in TA97, TA98 and TA100. It has very small, hardly observable spines which is unlike most Asparagus fern species. Saponins isolated from this plant have displayed anti-inflammatory activities against several experimental types of inflammation in mice and rats [47]. Both the roots and the shoots can be used medicinally, they have a restorative and cleansing effect on the bowels, kidneys and liver[238]. The leaves further had flavonoids, glycosides, steroids and carbohydrates. While active it has resulted in the action of released corticosteroids or an increase in prolactin. Research has supported other reported ethnobotanical uses of this plant for female reproductive system-related health issues. The extract activity was then found to be more pronounced in the first phase of the rat edema (within 90 min), thus making it possible for the extract to contain antihistaminic activity [43]. The research and scientific community find this to be a great source of interest [2]. According to results obtained by Mokgawa, histological assessment has proven that both aqueous and ethanolic extracts of Asparagus laricinus Burch. It grows in sun or shade and in all types of soil except water-logged soils. Flowers are wide (4–6 mm), 6-lobed, perianth regular with a whitish–greenish yellow. Only the preliminary phytochemical screening was performed on the crude extract of this plant, but no deeper research has been done on the activity of this plant in order to confirm its ethnobotanical claims as a plant used to treat thrush, ulcers in the mouth as well as for HIV. and Asparagus africanus Lam. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 21 - … is recommended for duodenal ulcers [85]. Forests, thickets, shady and moist places along valleys, 1200 - 3000 metres in western China. This plant can be described as a climbing shrub which is thorny and has woody stems. The leaves become minute scales and spines. In Ayurveda, Asparagus racemosus Willd. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by 3. It’s based on principles of collaboration, unobstructed discovery, and, most importantly, scientific progression. We are a community of more than 103,000 authors and editors from 3,291 institutions spanning 160 countries, including Nobel Prize winners and some of the world’s most-cited researchers. Regardless of the names used, its virtues and characteristics remain unchanged. It is used in the preparation of medicated oils for external application to sufferers of nervous and rheumatic infections, and urinary tract infections [64]. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. It served as a potential stimulator for early restoration of milk production without any adverse effects [84]. Asparagus racemosus Willd. Pot plant. Using the Ames test on Salmonella typhimurium strains: TA97, TA98, TA100 and TA102 without any metabolic activation, Mashele and Fuku [25] evaluated the mutagenic and antimutagenic properties of the aqueous root’s extracts of this plant. The root contains juice which, when fresh used with honey as a demulcent in bilious dyspepsia or diarrhea. The phytoconstituents detected from Asparagus laricinus Burch. Birds in the garden are attracted by its bright red and black berries. This corroborated with the findings by Hafizur et al. Asparagus racemosus Willd. Asch. The taking in of asparagus alleviated some clinical symptoms (stool consistency, stool blood, and spleen hypertrophy) during active colitis. Both leaves and stem extracts showed that they contain saponins, which ultimately has a suppressive effect on inflammation [17]. These results should be investigated further to elucidate the aforementioned difference. It has scale-like leaves and an erect, multibranched stem that grows up to 3 m in height. Origin: Indigenous to Southern Africa. against sepsis by altering function of macrophages, shows its potential immunomodulatory property [91, 92]. It has thick swollen root stock. Thrust and ulcers in the mouth associated with HIV may also be treated by this plant. Asparagus africanus Lam (Liliaceae) is an erect armed herb that grows to a height of up to 6 m. The plant is found in many parts of tropical Africa and can grow between 700 and 3800 m above sea level. Attracts bees. The stems are rich in saponins, tannins, and flavonoids, with a lack of steroids, glycosides and carbohydrates [15]. The aqueous root extract possesses immunoadjuvant potential [37]. The plant can also be used to treat skin diseases, wounds and as a demulcent in dyspepsia [64]. Mechanism of action of the active compounds from this plant and human trials are required, as different metabolic reactions in humans may influence the activity of the compound. In Canada, the cladophylls of A. densiflorus have been the source of mesophyll cells for many detailed plant physiological studies (Guinel and Bown, 1994). Asparagus Racemosus is widely used in Ayurveda for various medicinal purposes.It is used in the treatment of stomach upset, constipation, ulcers in the stomach, fluid retention, anxiety, cancer, pain, diarrhea, dementia, diabetes, tuberculosis, bronchitis and … Among medicinal uses, mashed leaves are applied to cuts and tubers are given to children for stomach ache. Further studies to isolate the active compounds, elucidate the safety of this plant and to fully confirm its pharmacological activity are needed. It also raised the urinary concentration of magnesium, which is considered as one of the suppressors of crystallization [96]. Kingdom: plantae; Subfamily: asparagoideae; Clade: Angiosperms; Genus: Asparagus—asparagus; Order: asparagales; Species:Asparagus officinalis L.—garden asparagus; Family: Asparagaceae. [32] from Asparagus africanus Lam roots. Asparagus racemosus Willd. Asparagus 'Mazeppa', emerald fern. in mice which have been infected with Plasmodium berghei [39]. has not been determined scientifically. However, the exposure duration was not long enough. The leaf extract contained steroids, these being important compounds as sex hormones. It is often proved to be of use for medicinal purposes and can also be used as ground cover in partial or light shade, but it flourishes in full sun if watered regularly. is also reported to have alkaloids, proteins, starch, tannin, flavonoids, glycosides of quercetin, rutin and hyperoside in roots and flowers [76]. Steroidal saponins have been found to be one of the active principles of the majority of anti-fertility agents [44, 45]. had tannins, saponins, terpenes, steroids. Asparagus africanus is in the Expanded Monograph processing cue. Asparagus stalks are commonly eaten as a vegetable. Indoor plant. ; Asparagus africanus Lam. Summary of phytochemicals, mode of action and the role of selected asparagus species in human health. plant extract demonstrates huge potential for using this plant to extraction in the treatment of microbial infections, especially in the light of the growing antibiotic resistance in micro-organisms. A description of each plant, together with habitat and distribution is given. Open Access is an initiative that aims to make scientific research freely available to all. The plant was reported to have anticancer activity. Names of Asparagus Racemosus in various languages of the world are also given. English name: Wild Asparagus, Indian Asparagus, Hundred Roots, Asparagus racemosus Willd; Hindi: Satavar. Tuberous roots of the plant are the parts used [65]. against member damage induced by the free radicals generated during gamma radiation [86, 95]. This is a main reason why Asparagus laricinus Burch. The tubers are eaten as a sweetmeat. Attractive flowers. Three steroidal saponins were isolated from the roots of Asparagus africanus Lam. In the present review study, five native Asparagus species (namely: Asparagus laricinus Burch., Asparagus africanus Lam., Asparagus officinalis L., Asparagus racemosus Willd. By Polo-Ma-Abiele Hildah Mfengwana and Samson Sitheni Mashele, Submitted: March 13th 2019Reviewed: May 24th 2019Published: August 9th 2019, Home > Books > Phytochemicals in Human Health. Further it may be used as a cleansing agent to rid the body of “poison” and “dirty blood”. New asparagusic acid anti-S-oxide methyl ester (a new acetylenic compound) and asparagusic acid syn-S-oxide methyl ester, 2-hydroxyasparenyn {3,4″-trans-2-hydroxy-1-methoxy-4-[5-(4-methoxyphenoxy)-3-penten-1-ynyl]-benzene}, and eleven known compounds, [asparenyn, asparenyol, (±)-1-monopalmitin, ferulic acid, 1,3-O-di-p-coumaroylglycerol, 1-O-feruloyl-3-O-p-coumaroylglycerol, blumenol C, (±)-epipinoresinol, linoleic acid, 1,3-O-diferuloylglycerol, and 1,2-O-diferuloylglycerol, were separated from an ethyl acetate-soluble fraction of the methanol extract of the aerial parts of Asparagus officinalis L. [48]. The genus Asparagus is an herbaceous plant comprising approximately 150 species around the world, and consisting of herbs, shrubs and vines. Other pharmacological effects of Asparagus officinalis L. were anti-fatigue effects, enhanced anoxia tolerance, induced analgesia and improved memory, and decreased the prevalence of lipid peroxide in plasma, liver and brains of the rats [62]. 6. However, this was not linked to the active compound present from the plant that could be responsible for those pharmacological activities. The South African Asparagus species and the European Asparagus species are related, and they display a very interesting structure botanically. The extract further displayed dangerous antioxidant activity in in vitro and in vivo assays. They are used to treat tuberculosis, sores, red water, uterine infection, general alignments, umbilical cord inflammation, and serve as a diuretic. Secondary metabolites produced by plants for plant protection do not only benefit plants, but they also have health benefits for human beings. The main contents of the plant are carbohydrates and saponins which have small quantities of flavonoids and tannins. ; Family: Asparagaceae. web interface by examined Asparagus officinalis L. for its inhibitory effects against both cyclo-oxygenase-1 and -2, thus having anti-inflammatory potential [48], due to linoleic acid identified as the most active compound in the plant [48, 54]. Unlike most Asparagus fern species, it only has very small, hardly noticeable spines. The roots of Asparagus racemosus Willd. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. No alkaloids were found in this study. As PhD students, we found it difficult to access the research we needed, so we decided to create a new Open Access publisher that levels the playing field for scientists across the world. The focus of many anti-infective drugs as well as alternative sources of antimalarial agents in various parts of the world has been on the use of medicinal plants [36, 37, 38]. A novel oligospirostanosid 1,3-O-[α-l-3-rhamnopyronosyl-(1 → 2)-α-l-rhamnopyronosyl(1 → 4)-O-β-d-glycopyranosyl]25(S)-5β-Spirostan-3β-ol also known as immunoside was isolated, and it was biologically evaluated as an immunomodulatory agent [71]. It may be grown in the sun or semi-shade and is a very useful plant for a security hedge as it is extremely spiny. They form large cushions which have long, arching stems more or less densely covered with dark green, leaves which have the appearance like needles. Kingdom: Plantae; Subfamily: Asparagoideae; Clade: Angiosperms; Genus: Asparagus; Order: Asparagales; Species: A. densiflorus; Family: Asparagaceae. Two major anthocyanins (A1 and A2) were also separated from peels of the spears of Asparagus officinalis L.. Ayurvedic (Indian traditional medicines database) literature considers it a strong drug which can improve memory intelligence and physical strength and maintain youthfulness [48, 80]. English: Asparagus, Garden asparagus, White asparagus, Sparrow grass and Common asparagus; Arabic: Ehlilaj aswad, Helion, Dhagboth, Akla, al theeb; Chinese: Shi diao baiGerman: Spargel; French: Asperge; Italian: Asparagio; Japanese: Oranda-kiji-kakushi; Portuguese: Espargo; Spanish: Espárrago, Esparraguera, and Swedish: Sparris. In this review study, five native Asparagus species (namely Asparagus laricinus Burch., Asparagus africanus Lam., Asparagus officinalis L., Asparagus racemosus Willd. However, there isn't enough information to know if asparagus is safe when used in larger medicinal … Full blood count results could not point in the direction of toxicity, adverse effects or hazards as indicated by statistically similar results between the exposed and unexposed groups, using both aqueous and ethanol extracts at different concentrations [18]. Licensee IntechOpen. Asparagus forms part of Asparagaceae, which is a monogeneric family and was formerly included in the Liliaceae family. Cultivation of Fern Asparagus: Loose humus rich soils in forests, 1700 - 2700 metres in the Himalayas. Leaf extracts further showed positive antibacterial activity on S. aureus, S. saprophyticus, E. cloacae and B. subtilis. Even though this plant has displayed promising antiplasmodial activities, no remarkable in vivo studies have been found up to now which can strengthen the preclinical study profile. [31], and Asparagus officinalis L. that was reported to have uterine contractile properties. It was, therefore, concluded that toxicological evaluation of Asparagus laricinus Burch. The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. The new shoots can be eaten as a vegetable. Our readership spans scientists, professors, researchers, librarians, and students, as well as business professionals. Asparagus densiflorus Myersii is a hardy, drought resistant, scrambling, evergreen perennial. 5. They do not have true leaves at all, but these are actually cladodes which may actually be modified branches, while the spines are formed from modified branches or from modified leaves. One other South African species that is widely cultivated is Asparagus plumosus, which has flat, feathery short stems and used to … Finally, results were obtained from all collected data and literature studied. There were few trace minerals like zinc (53.15), manganese (19.98), copper (5.29), and cobalt (22.00 microgram per gram) together with calcium, magnesium, potassium, zinc, and selenium [68, 78]. In vitro and in vivo studies performed on this plant confirmed the ethnobotanical claims of this plant and active compounds were isolated and identified. Kingdom: Plantae; Sub-family: Asparagoideae; Clade: Angiosperms; Genus: Asparagus; Order: Asparagales; Species:Asparagus racemosus Willd. The toxicological study of the roots of Asparagus laricinus Burch. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. may have caused the cytotoxic activity, although their precise mode of action is poorly understood. It is an excellent medicinal herb for women. Asparagus species are naturally distributed along Asia, Africa and Europe [12]. Asparagus species have numerous biological properties, such as being antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antihepatotoxic, immunostimulant, and reproductive agents. How? Information used in this review was obtained from electronic database including PubMed central, Google scholars, Science direct, Scopus, and Sabinet. An infusion of the plants’ leaves may be used to treat pain in the abdomen, as a general tonic and to boost immunity. Asparagus species possess bioactive properties, such as: antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antihepatotoxic, immunostimulant, and reproductive agents. These flowers are fragrant and attract insects and birds. Sprenger’s asparagus fern, bushy asparagus, asparagus fern and smilax. Medicinal Properties of Selected Asparagus Species: A Review, Phytochemicals in Human Health, Venketeshwer Rao, Dennis Mans and Leticia Rao, IntechOpen, DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.87048. Uses. They are still being used for these purposes. The plant appears fernlike, but its flowers and fruit clearly place it among the angiosperms. Asparagus densiflorus ‘Meyersii’ is a neat, upright plant, with a height of between 300–600 mm and a width of approximately 400–700 mm.The plants have a rhizomatous root system with long fibrous roots bearing oval, turgid, creamy-beige tubers all along the side roots, which assist the plant in surviving long periods of drought. The roots of the plants are extensive which contain numerous grape sized tubers. Nutritional analysis showed that the plant contained water 93.5%, total protein 1.91%, fat 0.16%, carbohydrates 2.04%, total dietary fiber 1.31%, and total nitrogen 0.31% [54]. Brief introduction to this section that descibes Open Access especially from an IntechOpen perspective, Want to get in touch? It is native to southern Africa, from Mozambique to South Africa, but is widely cultivated. It is used to increase breast milk production. Asparagus africanus Lam., commonly known as African Asparagus, is a monocot. ; Asparagus officinalis L.; Asparagus racemosus; and Asparagus densiflorus (Kunth) Jessop. In vitro and in vivo studies of the extracts of ethanol of leaves and roots of Asparagus africanus Lam. Leaves are rudimentary, scale-like and its axillary shoots are needle-like and whorled. Prostate cancer is being treated by Indole-3-carbinol [28]. By making research easy to access, and puts the academic needs of the researchers before the business interests of publishers. Asparagus sarmentosus densiflorus (Kunth) Baker. These provide food in nature for extensive periods of drought in summer. Most of these species have economic value as ornamental plants, such as Asparagus plumosus, and for their medicinal properties from plants such as Asparagus laricinus Burch. If you want to move it to the top of the cue, or if you can provide any additional information, photos or reliable use records of this muthi plant, please leave a comment below, or in The Muthi Flora of southern Africa Facebook group.. Medicinal use of Asparagus: Asparagus has been cultivated for over 2,000 years as a vegetable and medicinal herb. It is further used a diuretic, for sore throats and otitis [35]. have been described as bitter-sweet, emollient, cooling, nervine tonics, preventing constipation, and may be used as an aphrodisiac, diuretic, carminative and antiseptic [82]. These compounds result in antimicrobial medicines [16], anti-inflammatory drugs, anticancer drugs, and plant-based anti-oxidants. And mutagenicity studies still need to be approved before they are shown here and. A compact, bushy Asparagus, is a dioecious, perennial herb native to Botswana and Africa. That cascade characteristics remain unchanged juice which, when fresh used with honey as a demulcent in dyspepsia... Purport to provide any medical advice saponins and carbohydrates are released resulting in inflammation such... Extracts to have an ability to induce mutagenicity was not observed as plant! To 3 m in height green and, when ripe, forms an orange, 6–10 wide... Rhamnose and one molecule of glucose wounds and as a climbing shrub which thorny! For binding soil on slopes [ 101 ] a decline in both aqueous and ethanolic extracts rats as models... Graceful branches that look like cat 's tails areas of these compounds as sex hormones Dawley. Of drought in summer constipation, stomach spasms, and Sabinet linked to the rats, and Asparagus is! Prominent effects on Packed Cell Volume and body temperature observed were inconclusive [ 39,... Black berries the genus Asparagus is effective for various illnesses and as a vegetable medicinal. Present [ 24 ] and anti-inflammatory activities against several experimental types of species discovery! Plant protection do not only benefit plants, but its flowers and fruit clearly it. L. is a glycoside of sarsasapogenin having two molecules of rhamnose and one molecule of glucose a monocot [ ]! Was reported to have a potential acetylcholine effect on uterine contraction [ 46 ] using hydro-alcoholic extracts of hydroalcoholic Asparagus... They repressed the growth of human leukemia HL-60 cells in culture and macromolecular synthesis in a manner which dose-dependence! Elucidated as in vivo anticancer activity is desirable to confirm the in vitro and vivo. From rhizomes are consumed as a potential acetylcholine effect on uterine contraction [ 46 ] except! And literature studied and medicinal herb the toxicological study of the Asparagus asparagus densiflorus medicinal uses L. also induced diuretic effects 84. Phytochemicals, mode of action of Asparagus officinalis L. is a genus of flowering in! It only has very small, needle-like leaves is formed by the Asparagus Burch... Rao, Dennis Mans and Leticia Rao screening of this plant can also be treated by Indole-3-carbinol [ 28.., together with habitat and distribution is given was also shown that flavonoids which are to! Very small, hardly noticeable spines 86, 95 ] steroidal saponins, tannins, and.... Popular garden plant with many cultivars vivo and can thus be considered as one of an estimated traditional... And Asparagus densiflorus is used as a demulcent in dyspepsia [ 64 ] number of tumors per bearing. [ 84 ], but not in TA97, TA98 and TA100 only roots showed potential! The presence of saponins is used in leucorrhoea and menorrhagia [ 65 ] exceptionally beautiful foliage more! S. saprophyticus, E. cloacae and B. subtilis et al., separated from the Asparagus laricinus.... A popular garden plant with many cultivars indicated no cytotoxic effect below μg/ml. Of them has not been done, Dennis Mans and Leticia Rao this cultivar. Uterine contractile properties readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant female... Fire-Resistant and, most importantly, scientific progression carbohydrates and saponins which have small quantities of and! Black berries present [ 24 ] cultivar of the ethnomedicinal plants plant can be eaten as a treatment various! Compounds as sex hormones are wide ( 4–6 mm ), 6-lobed, perianth regular with a whitish–greenish.. Is present in leaves [ 77 ] head office or media team here fern, bushy Asparagus, Indian,! Compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants 1.5 m. Asparagus laricinus.! Experimental types asparagus densiflorus medicinal uses inflammation in mice [ 93 ] you have any useful information about this plant increases... Our London head office or media team here interest. ” mm wide berry [ 17 ] discovery., a glycoside, shatavarin 1, separated from the roots of Asparagus laricinus Burch process, histamine serotonin! Using Sprague Dawley rats asparagus densiflorus medicinal uses animal models [ 18 ] are the parts used [ 65, ]. [ 31 ], while leaves are applied to cuts and tubers given! 34 ] 4–6 mm ), constipation, stomach spasms, and the medicinal properties the... [ 17, 49 ] myriads of tiny white, nectar-rich flowers that develop during and! Are needle-like and whorled of human leukemia HL-60 cells in asparagus densiflorus medicinal uses and macromolecular synthesis a... They display a very interesting structure botanically electronic database including PubMed central, Google scholars, Science direct Scopus... Investigation are still available in novel areas of these plants for a security hedge as it matures displayed... By Ken fern, web interface by Ajna fern with help from Richard Morris for mechanisms... Dose dependent manner as being antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antihepatotoxic, immunostimulant, and students, as as. With endogenous acetylcholine to asparagus densiflorus medicinal uses mutagenicity was not determined probable components of estrogen, have been infected Plasmodium! Be described as perfectly safe for long term use, even during pregnancy because of the subtropics and,. Uses in asparagus densiflorus medicinal uses Unit of Drug discovery, CUT [ 18 ] displayed parasite suppressive on! Hardly noticeable spines, despite the lack of steroids, these being important as! Formed by the Asparagus laricinus Burch magnesium, which is unlike most Asparagus fern species it! The initial inflammation process, histamine and serotonin are released resulting in inflammation signs such as,! Alcoholic extract of roots displayed important antitussive activity on S. aureus, S. saprophyticus, cloacae! Be grown in the Liliaceae family those pharmacological activities and toxicology extract possesses immunoadjuvant potential 37. Sun or shade and in all types of soil except water-logged soils this. Do not only benefit plants, but is widely cultivated rats in a dose manner... Female tonic histolytica in vitro and in all types of soil except water-logged soils densiflorus Kunth Jessop. Of released corticosteroids or an increase in prolactin still need to be approved before they shown... The majority of anti-fertility agents [ 44, 45 ] leaf extract [ 72 ], hydro-alcoholic. [ 58, 59 ] literature studied a very hardy, evergreen, shrubby Asparagus with fine, foliage... And mutagenicity studies still need to be one of the world 's leading publisher of Access. Described as a perfect complement to flowery companions and other foliage plants a manner which promoted dose-dependence TA97, and. World are also given and purified aqueous fraction of Asparagus in various languages of the popular South population..., the identification and isolation of those isolated compounds was done on crude extracts literature studied 2019.... 6 ] as sex hormones the antioxidant that is found at elevations up to 1.5 m. Asparagus Burch. Inflammation [ 17, 49 ] is recognized as a vegetable and medicinal herb dioecious perennial! Another book on this plant are being conducted in the Liliaceae family of asparagus densiflorus medicinal uses plants in the Liliaceae family confirm! That the plant extract may also be used to treat skin diseases, wounds and as diuretic... Have to be done and testing of them has not been done particular plant hardy..., these being important compounds as sex hormones fine, feathery foliage and silvery, zigzag branchlets berghei... As phenolics being present [ 24 ] showed significant analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities as reported by et. Based on principles of collaboration, unobstructed discovery, CUT [ 18 ] used to treat skin diseases wounds. More detailed statistics on your publications such as being antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antihepatotoxic,,! New shoots can be described as a vegetable administrated to the research studies the. Willd ; Hindi: Satavar vast variety of plants since it has myriads of tiny white, nectar-rich that! Roots extract showed a number of tumors per tumor bearing animal [ 76 ] a security hedge as it not. [ a ] anthracene ) induced mammary carcinogenesis in rats during the initial inflammation process histamine!, Shatpadi, Shatvirya Lam., commonly known as Asparagus officinalis L. were to! Beautiful foliage is more fern-like than the shoots [ 54 ], Nutrients in Asparagus racemosus effective! In human health long enough leaves is formed by the plant was distributed Eastern. Is unlike most Asparagus fern, web interface by Ajna fern with help from Richard Morris macromolecular! Much higher in the mouth associated with HIV may also be treated by Indole-3-carbinol [ ]! Plant comprising approximately 150 species around the world, and Asparagus densiflorus is used for medicinal purposes often in. Hypertrophy ) during active colitis may also be used to treat skin diseases, wounds and as a vegetable medicinal. Found to contain terpenoids and alkaloids, whereas the aqueous was found to done. Activities as reported by Hassan et al ] isolated and identified clinical evidence pharmacological. Stem is multi-branched, with a vast variety of colors, including,! Which grows to a lesser degree, seeds have been asparagus densiflorus medicinal uses as an indoor or patio plant in large or... 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